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Nashua;66.0;http://forecast.weather.gov/images/wtf/small/skc.png;2014-07-12 08:58:43

Graduating science PhD's face a surprisingly stagnant job market

Slate has a long and well-researched piece about the job prospects for graduating Ph.D.s in science fields in the U.S., tracking not just employment and unemployment but also post-docs, academia's glorified super-internship.

The results show that Ph.D.'s have low unemployment and good salaries compared to us schlubs: "In time, the vast majority of grads find some kind of work or research appointment. Unemployment among doctorate holders, even young ones, is extremely low, usually around 2 percent." But they don't get full-time jobs in their chosen fields right out of school nearly as often as STEM celebrations might lead us to believe:

Over the last 20 years, employment rates are either flat or down in each major discipline, from computer science to chemistry.

Is this a tragedy? No, especially because Ph.D. holders, in the long term, tend to make good salaries and leave school with low graduate student debt. (Unlike their counterparts in the humanities, their studies are well-funded by all those research grants.) But it’s a sign that all is not exceptionally well in the job market for many scientists.

Is the next-but-one China lunar probe a manned moon-landing practice run?

China plans to land Chang'e 5, a lunar lander that would return samples to Earth, in 2017. That would be very cool - more moon rocks! - but Wired says many people think it's aiming at something much cooler: Sending humans back to the moon.

As several news articles pointed out, the Chang’e 5 reentry vehicle seems rather large. Perhaps the Chinese would just like to collect a lot of samples, but the vehicle just happens to be large enough to fit a person inside. The vehicle won’t be carrying any human cargo in 2017, but a successful Chang’e 5 mission would give the Chinese a great deal of engineering experience and technical knowhow for a human touchdown on the moon.

Chang'e 4, carrying a rover similar to the "moon rabbit" that landed last year but stopped moving soon after, is slated to fly this year.

Here's the article.


We don't have mountain lions but we do have bobcats - although how many, again?

I know a few people who have seen bobcats in New Hampshire. Unlike mountain lion sightings, however, these are often accompanied by photos - because bobcats, unlike the other big cats, are really here. But just how many of them are here? Turns out, that's a good question.

A possible answer, found by UNH researchers, may depend on the time of year. Estimating New Hampshire bobcat numbers in May or June, the biologists found 1,094 resident adults – 547 males and 547 females – and 1,143 kittens, for a grand total of 2,237. That number dropped precipitously, however, when an 85 percent survival rate was assumed for adults, and a 36 percent survival rate for kittens, considered the norm. By October or November, there are an estimated 972 adults and 414 kittens in New Hampshire, totaling 1,386 bobcats.

I took that from a great story in the Jan/Feb issue of Wildlife Journal, the publication of the NH Fish & Game. It tells how we've never been entirely sure how many of these lovely beasts were in New Hampshire, either during their heyday a century ago - when farmland resulted in lots of rabbits and other prey - or their decline in the 1980s and 1990s, when the return of woodlands drover their prey away.

Australia decides patent for "circular transportation facilitation device" (i.e., wheel) was a mistake 

Marc Abrahams, who is the mind (if that's the right word) behind the Ig Nobel awards, reports that the Australian patent office has decided it was a mistake to issue a patent for a "circular transportation facilitation device" because, well, you can't re-invent the wheel.

Abrahams has an article about the patent, which won an Ig Nobel way back in 2001, and other wheel-related patents around the world. It's on BetaBoston, the Globe's tech blog and is, of course, funny and worth a read.

Speaking of the Igs, they'll be held Sept. 18 at Harvard's ridiculously ornate Sanders Theater. Tickets are already on sale.

Northeast is behind the U.S. curve when it comes to ditching landline phones

We in the Northeast like to think of ourselves as urbane and sophisticated and with it (dare I say "hep"? "groovy"?), yet we're national laggards when it comes to ditching landline phones for cell phones.

According to the Center for National Health Statistics, 42% of adults in the South have ditched landlines, as have about 39% in the West and Midwest, yet only 27% of those in the Northeast have done so!

Here's the report; it doesn't break the data down by state.

Why does the Center for Health Statistics compile data about landline phones, you ask? Because it affects how well people can get access to health care services, they say.

NH firm tries to expand bitcoin ATM industry with open source code

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Lamassu, the Manchester-based bitcoin ATM company, has created open-source software for "back end systems" of bitcoin ATMs, in hopes of goosing the whole business by creating more uniform standards and processes among different systems.

As reported by Cointelegraph, a cryptocurrency news/opinion site:

One source inside the company reported that now operators will have total control over several different factors, such as pricing, fees, commissions and whatever background trading operations they wish to allow. The source also reported that the new system will support integration with “any relevant Bitcoin service or software."

lamassu is painting this as an Elon Musk-ish move (give away information to grow the whole industry) not a Microsoft-ish move (create standards we control that others must follow). As CEO Zach Harvey said in a press release: “We don’t plan to be the next Western Union, Moneygram or Travelex. We want to create a platform for thousands of small businesses to compete against these legacy financial institutions, and against each other."

Peer review scandal - like fake Amazon reviews, except for scientific papers - is very bad

I assume that all online reviews for books, hotels, restaurants, etc., are fake, because there's a strong upside to faking them and almost no downside. Businesses realized long ago that it was worth their while to establish systems for creating positive reviews for themselves and negative ones for competitors.

In a really alarming development, something similar may be happening within the peer-review system, which is the heart of that wonderful edifice we call science. As reported by Slate, SAGE Publishing, a group that puts out numerous peer-reviewed journals, is retracting 60 papers from its Journal of Vibration and Control after an internal investigation uncovered extensive evidence of severe peer-review fraud."

It seems some Taiwanese researchers established 130 fake peer-review accounts and then did the research-journal equivalent of getting each other 5 stars. Bad, very bad.

Peer review, in which other supposedly objective researchers with knowledge in your field anonymously look at research work before it's published, is a cornerstone of science. It has always had problems, particularly with people in very right-knit specialties torpedoing competitors, but nothing this systematic has ever come up.

If peer review becomes as suspect as Travelocity reviews, we're in trouble.

Needle in haystack? Try finding moons around planets outside the solar system

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The New Hampshire Astronomical Society does some interesting stuff: On Friday, July 11, they'll host a talk by David Kipping, a NASA Carl Sagan fellow at Harvard University and principal investigator of the Hunt for Exomoons with the (space telescope) Kepler (HEK) project.

The meeting starts at 7:30 p.m. in room 3100 of the Goulet Science Center (third floor) at St. Anselm's College in Manchester. Sounds interesting.

BBC told: Don't invite fringe cranks on science shows for 'balance'

In a really lovely memo, BBC Trust on Thursday published a progress report into the corporation’s science coverage because it has been criticised for giving too much air-time to critics who oppose non-contentious issues.

From the story in Britain's Telegraph newspaper (which is not the Nashua Telegraph, even though some emails aimed for us go to them):

The report found that there was still an ‘over-rigid application of editorial guidelines on impartiality’ which sought to give the ‘other side’ of the argument, even if that viewpoint was widely dismissed.

Some 200 staff have already attended seminars and workshops and more will be invited on courses in the coming months to stop them giving ‘undue attention to marginal opinion.’

“The Trust wishes to emphasise the importance of attempting to establish where the weight of scientific agreement may be found and make that clear to audiences,” wrote the report authors.

There will be much lamenting of "bias" (which usually means "you made something that I like look bad") and "being close minded." But nobody expects political coverage to be "balanced" by giving equal time to a Trotskyite, or coverage of racial issues to be "balanced" by inviting a KKK Grand Dragon, so why do they think reporting on science issues has to be "balanced" by ideas with no basis in reality?

Of course, we all know why people think that - because most people don't understand much science, so all scientific-sounding viewpoints seem equally valid. Most people do have enough understanding of politics or racial interaction to realize that Trotskyites and Grand Dragons are kooks.

Unproven cancer cure for Hudson girl - compassionate treatment or medical profiteering?

My column in The Telegraph today tackles a difficult subject: Whether all the energy, hope - and money, lots of money - being gathered to help a 12-year-old Hudson girl battle a brain tumor is a good thing or a waste.

The problem is that the "treatment" which friends and family are raising thousands of dollars to buy is unproven, and has been unproven for four decades. It's from a Texas doctor named Stanislaw Burzynsk who has proven adept at getting publicity - including lots of positive press in New Hampshire - but incapable of running a clinical trial which will show that his injections do anything.

The FDA recently allowed a half-dozen "compassionate" treatments to go forward over the objection of the medical community after public outcry and at least a bit of political pressure.

You can read the column here.

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About this blog

David Brooks has written a science column for the Nashua (N.H.) Telegraph since 1991 - yes, that long - and has overseen this blog since 2006.

He chats weekly with New Hampshire Public Radio about GraniteGeek topics, around 5:50 p.m. on Tuesdays. You can listen to old sessions here.

Contact:   E-mail or call 603-594-6531.

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Free, informal get-togethers at a bar that feature discussion among the audience (everybody is welcome) and experts in various fields. Check the website here.

NEXT CAFE: September (we take the summer off)

TOPIC: To be decided

Location: Killarney's Irish Pub, 9 Northeastern Boulevard (Holiday Inn, just west of Exit 4 on the turnpike).

PAST TOPICS:

2014:
June:
Fluoridation in public water. May: Organic gardening. April: Tele-medicine, or doctoring from afar. March: Bitcoin - what is it? February: The science of allergies. January: Electric cars.

2013:
November:
Multiple sclerosis. October: Genetically modified organisms. September: Aquaponics. June: Flying robots (drones!) May: PTSD and brain tauma in veterans. April: Cats vs. wildlife in NH. March: Mosquito-borne disease. February: The science of brewing. January: 3-D printing, with MakeIt Labs.

2012:
November:
"Dark skies and light pollution" with Discovery Center. October: "The science of concussion." September: "The science of pain management." June: "Arsenic in our environment." May: "Invasive species in New Hampshire" April: "Nanotechnology in business and the lab". March: "Lyme disease in NH". Feb: "Seasonal Affective Disorder." Jan: "Biomass energy"

2011:
Nov.: "Science of Polling." Oct.: "Digital Privacy." Sept: "Vaccinations." June: "Future of Food." May 2011: "Climate Change"

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Alternative power map

Click here to see my alternative-power Google map showing large-scale solar, wind, hydro and nuclear plants in N.H., plus intriguing alternative-power items.

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